In clinical practice, it is important to differentiate between various types of insomnia, as this will determine the appropriate treatment. For example, difficulty falling asleep is often due to heat in the Heart, while waking frequently during the night is often due to deficiency of Heart blood or yin. Restlessness at night may be due to liver qi constraint, while a disordered sleep cycle may be due to imbalances in the kidney organ system.
In general, the treatment of insomnia in Chinese medicine focuses on nourishing and sedating the Heart and calming the shen. This may include the use of herbal formulas, acupuncture, dietary and lifestyle modifications, and relaxation techniques. The specific treatment plan will depend on the underlying pattern of imbalance and the individual's unique symptoms and constitution.